Does the Catholic Church have the authority to make laws and precepts?

PRecepts quote

Yes, the Church does have the authority to make laws and precepts, an authority granted by Christ Himself.

Jesus gave this authority when He told His apostles:

"He who hears you hears me, and he who rejects you rejects me, and he who rejects me rejects him who sent me." (Luke 10:16)

To Peter, the Church's first pope, Jesus said:

"I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earthed shall be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 16:19)

This power was given to the pope in a special way, as is evident by the presentation of the keys. Finally, the bishops, by way of their predecessors, the apostles, were given this power in a lesser way (absent of the "keys") when Jesus said:

"Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 18:18)



The reason the Church makes laws and precepts is, "to guarantee to the faithful the very necessary minimum in the spirit of prayer and moral effort, [and] in the growth in love of God and neighbor…" (
Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2041)
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